Mimsy Were the Borogoves

Hacks: Articles about programming in Python, Perl, PHP, and whatever else I happen to feel like hacking at.

42 Astoundingly Useful Scripts and Automations for the Macintosh

Work faster and more reliably. Use Perl, Python, AppleScript, Swift, and Automator to automate the drudgery of computer use. Add actions to the services menu and the menu bar, and create drag-and-drop apps.

Use simple scripts and make your Macintosh play music, roll dice, and talk to you. Create ASCII art from your photos. There’s a script for all of that in my new book, 42 Astoundingly Useful Scripts and Automations for the Macintosh.

icalBuddy and eventsFrom/to

Jerry Stratton, August 19, 2015

I use icalBuddy extensively along with GeekTool to display events on my desktop. I have the fairly standard sort of “here are your upcoming events”:

  • icalBuddy --excludeCals Television --excludeEventProps url --dateFormat "%A" --includeOnlyEventsFromNowOn eventsToday+4

This shows everything from the rest of today through four days from now. But you’ll notice it excludes one calendar: I really don’t need to see a list of the television shows I sometimes watch. They’re not that important to me.

Up until about a week ago, I showed only television shows for today:

  • icalBuddy --includeCals Television --excludeEventProps url --dateFormat "%A" --includeOnlyEventsFromNowOn eventsToday

And it worked fine, until the local old movies television station had William Castle’s classic 13 Ghosts on at 1:20 AM a few weeks ago. I missed it, because 1:20 AM isn’t today, it’s tomorrow. But by the time I look at it tomorrow morning, 1:20 AM is long gone.

I initially changed it to “eventsToday+1”, but that clutters up my desktop with events for tomorrow night, which I don’t need to know about now. I don’t plan my life around television shows, I just want to know if there’s something interesting right now. What I really want is for today’s list to include until tomorrow morning. The icalBuddy man page indicates that it’s possible to specify a range that includes an hour on a relative end date, but the documentation is currently wrong. For the option “eventsFrom:START to:END”, it says:

Print events occurring between the two specified dates. The dates (START and END) may be specified in a natural language form (such as "tomorrow at noon" or "june 10 at 6 pm") or as relative dates (such as "today+3" or "yesterday-2") but the safest format is "YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS +HHMM"

Specifying tomorrow at noon, or tomorrow at 8 am, or tomorrow at anything just shows everything from tomorrow. A quick use of --debug confirmed it: icalBuddy interprets “tomorrow at” anything to be “[tomorrow] at 11:59:59 PM Central Daylight Time”.

I verified, however, that the to: option can accept partial days, by using the actual date (August 20 at 7 pm, for example), so I messed around until I found a format that works. Rather than “tomorrow at time”, use “time at tomorrow”:

  • icalBuddy --includeCals Television --excludeEventProps url -f --dateFormat "%A" --includeOnlyEventsFromNowOn eventsFrom:today to:"noon tomorrow"
  • icalBuddy --includeCals Television --excludeEventProps url -f --dateFormat "%A" --includeOnlyEventsFromNowOn eventsFrom:today to:"9 am tomorrow"

The first is interpreted as noon tomorrow, and the second as 9 am tomorrow, only showing things in the morning from tomorrow instead of all day.

  1. <- Automator filenames
  2. Pythonista circle ->